In the worlds of painting and literature, it's easy to see where history and art intersect. In Picasso's Guernica or Tolstoy's War and Peace, it's evident how works of art mirror and participate in the life of their times, sometimes even playing roles in historical events. But what about music?
In Music as a Mirror of History, Great Courses favorite Professor Greenberg of San Francisco Performances returns with a fascinating and provocative premise: Despite the abstractness and the universality of music - and our habit of listening to it divorced from any historical context - music is a mirror of the historical setting in which it was created. Music carries a rich spectrum of social, cultural, historical, and philosophical information, all grounded in the life and experience of the composer - if you're aware of what you're listening to. In these 24 lectures, you'll explore how composers convey such explicit information, evoking specific states of mind and giving voice to communal emotions, all colored by their own personal experiences. Music lovers and history enthusiasts alike will be enthralled by this exploration of how momentous compositions have responded to - and inspired - pivotal events.
Ranging widely across the 18th, 19th, and 20th centuries, you witness historical moments such as the French Revolution, the Napoleonic Wars, the Austrian-Ottoman conflict, the Hungarian nationalist movement, the movement for Italian unification, the economic ascent of the US, the Stalinist regime in the USSR, and World Wars I and II. Across the arc of the course, you'll see how these events were felt and expressed in the music of Mozart, Beethoven, Berlioz, Brahms, Verdi, Wagner, and many others, including modern masters such as Janáček, Górecki, and Crumb, and you'll hear superlative musical excerpts in each lecture. Join us for an unparalleled look into the power and scope of musical art.
PLEASE NOTE: When you purchase this title, the accompanying reference material will be available in your Library section along with the audio.
©2016 The Teaching Company, LLC (P)2016 The Great Courses
Show More Show Less

Regular price: £39.39

Membership details Membership details
  • A 30-day trial plus your first audiobook, free
  • 1 credit/month after trial – choose any book, any price
  • Easy exchanges – swap any book you don’t love
  • Keep your audiobooks, even if you cancel
  • Free, unlimited access to Audio Shows
  • After your trial, Audible is just £7.99/month
Select or Add a new payment method

Buy Now with 1 Credit

By completing your purchase, you agree to Audible's Conditions of Use and authorise Audible to charge your designated card or any other card on file. Please see our Privacy Notice, Cookies Notice and Interest-based Ads Notice.

Buy Now for £39.39

Pay using card ending in
By completing your purchase, you agree to Audible's Conditions of Use and authorise Audible to charge your designated card or any other card on file. Please see our Privacy Notice, Cookies Notice and Interest-based Ads Notice.

By completing your purchase, you agree to Audible's Conditions of Use and authorise Audible to charge your designated card or any other card on file. Please see our Privacy Notice, Cookies Notice and Interest-based Ads Notice.

Customer Reviews

Most Helpful
5 out of 5 stars
By Adisha on 28-08-16


This is a beautifully constructed course that takes pride of place on my Audible bookshelf.
The lectures are delivered with passion and gusto and set the scene for key historic events, context and respective pieces from around the world.
Highly recommended indeed!

Read more Hide me

2 of 3 people found this review helpful

5 out of 5 stars
By BlueStraggler on 22-06-18

Thoughly Enjoyable listening experience

I am thoroughly enjoying this audiobook. The narration is engaging, interesting and wonderful to listen to. The voice quality and intonation is good, and so is the way the topic is spoken about. Even my teenage boys ears perked up while this was playing in my car.

Read more Hide me
See all reviews

Customer Reviews

Most Helpful
4 out of 5 stars
By Charles J. Bumgardner on 06-08-16

Unique interdisciplinary music-history treatment

What did you love best about Music as a Mirror of History?

Greenberg's obvious command of both history and music, and the extensive research that informs his expertise. The interdisciplinary nature of the course is unique.

What other book might you compare Music as a Mirror of History to and why?

I'd suggest that Greenberg's "How to Listen to and Understand Great Music" (which I've listened through three times over the years) is somewhat similar, with that title emphasizing music and bringing in history, and "Music as a Mirror" emphasizing history and bringing in music.

What does Professor Robert Greenberg bring to the story that you wouldn’t experience if you just read the book?

This question may be better suited for actual audiobooks rather than Great Courses. That said, a helpful pdf booklet does accompany this course, and while Greenberg seems to follow it closely (I looked at the booklet only after finishing the course), he adds plenty of vintage Greenberg comments and metaphors, and additional musical and historical material which isn't in the notes.

Was this a book you wanted to listen to all in one sitting?

No, but this is not a criticism. This is not a book, per se, but a series of twenty-four lectures. Each lecture is entirely self-contained.

Any additional comments?

This course was interesting, and accomplished its purpose: "we’ll explore the ways in whichhistory inspired the creation of certain musical works—and how thoseworks interpreted and memorialized the history that inspired them" (p. 2 in the notes). Greenberg is clearly in his element(s) as he combines history and music in a most interesting interdisciplinary fashion.

I had purchased this course thinking that Greenberg would major a bit more on music as a mirror of philosophy -- that is, how music reflects the way of thinking that a composer embraces in the context of his larger culture, and how philosophical underpinnings contribute toward the music of a particular time and place differing from the music of another time and place. In actuality, Greenberg's "How to Listen to and Understand Great Music" seemed to give more attention to that particular point than this course, which instead emphasizes the way that particular historical events influence particular composers and musical compositions. This is by no means a failing of the course; I was incorrect in my expectations, in that the course is "Music as a Mirror OF HISTORY", not "of Philosophy". Greenberg definitively demonstrates that many musical compositions are historically rooted, and often (as Greenberg emphasizes in the course) motivated by war (see p. 9 in the notes).

I learned a good deal of history in this course. Greenberg is working with historical vignettes, of course, but often "goes deep" in giving a quite extensive historical context -- not just the historical context of the time a piece was written, but the historical backdrop that brought things to where they were when a piece was written. Among the bits and pieces I picked up that were interesting to me: I didn't know that "Columbia" (from Christopher Columbus) was used as the poetic name for the United States; I was unaware of Beethoven's love-hate attitude (if I could put it that way) toward Napoleon, the history of La Marseillaise, the financial severity of the Great Depression, and the difficulty non-Russians have in understanding the Russian mind. Musically, I heard Chopin's Revolutionary Etude with new ears (long familiarity had dulled its impact) and now understand a bit better just what an "etude" is; I was thrilled to discover Copland's Third Symphony; I gained a more accurate understanding of the circumstances behind Handel's Water Music; I finally can put some content to Wagner's The Ring. I'm motivated to do some research on the following, among other things: the antisemitism of Richard Wagner, and just how late in United States history that antisemitic laws were still on the books; the connections between Wagner's The Ring and Tolkien's Lord of the Rings; the history of Paris and of New Orleans; the African influence upon American music; Eleanor Roosevelt's role in encouraging musical progress during the Depression; Haydn as a Roman Catholic; the devastation of Poland by the Nazi regime; Dvorak as a "ringer" brought to the United States by Jeannette Meyer Thurber to found a distinctive American school of music. I was intrigued by Greenberg's discussion of the musical technique known as "pastiche," and would love to explore its intersection with the notion of intertextuality in literary works. I'm also motivated to listen to a number of the works which were excerpted or referred to in the course, such as Copland's Symphony No. 3 and Gorecki's Symphony No. 3. I list all of the above items to gesture at the broad reach of this course.

Greenberg is always an engaging lecturer. That said, the sometimes-lengthy sections of historical context did at times become a bit tedious and hard to follow. But Greenberg does an outstanding job in making a potentially dull subject much less dull.

The course notes accompanying the audio are excellent. The bibliography in the course notes is quite impressive, and even more remarkable is the extent to which Greenberg engages his sources. The bibliography is not just there for show.

I am a parent who is interested in providing musical education for my children. For others like me, who might consider supplementing their children's education with this course, I will note that this course does have a few instances of vulgarity (generally in quoted material) and sexual innuendo. The intended audience appears to be college and above.

Read more Hide me

58 of 59 people found this review helpful

5 out of 5 stars
By Marc on 14-11-16

Understanding "unapproachable" Music by context

What does Professor Robert Greenberg bring to the story that you wouldn’t experience if you just read the book?

Mr. Greenberg, as usual, delivers his course with enthusiasm for the topic, insight, the right amount of distance to the subject - and love for just any kind of music.
By putting the works into their respective historical context, he introduces yet another aspect of "understanding" (and through that, hopefully, appreciating) music that may otherwise seem "too strange". Like in his "history of music" course, where he takes the "student" by the hand and explains how to disect a composition, if one wants to "get it", here Mr. Greenberg shows the political, social and religious events that led composers to their works.

What I personally like is that Mr. Greenberg keeps a professional distance. He isn't afraid to point out that some compositions aren't great, just because a great name has been stuck to them.
(On the other hand, he does waste quite some time to praise achievements by Americans, that have nothing to do with music OR history, to some length - where some of those listed may well be argued about whether they actually were American-first ... but that's nit-picking ;-) )

Any additional comments?

The music "excerpts" in this course are very short and sometimes don't give an expression of the whole work. Introducing the works as such isn't the goal of this course, rather it is about a tour through various historic events or times and showing a way of approaching music that most of us, likely, aren't listening to every day.
If you are not interested in history, in the development of our "modern world" or in an artist's (composer's) way of dealing with personal experience, this course is not for you. If you are looking for "great music", this course is not for you. If you are looking for education in world-history, this course is not for you.

This course is for you, if you want to add a new perspective to the way you get into contact with music that you think you don't like.

Read more Hide me

6 of 6 people found this review helpful

See all reviews